Lecithin, a Label-Friendly and Healthy Nutrient


Lecithin is not only a versatile ingredient in diverse food applications, it has also nutritional benefits. Lecithin from plant sources is cholesterol-free, a rich source of polyunsaturated fats and a natural source of choline.

Choline, an essential nutrient

Adequate intake of choline is needed throughout life in order to have optimal health1.  A primary source of choline in our diet is from consuming lecithin, a natural source of choline that appeals to consumers of all ages. From mothers focusing on prenatal health to seniors concerned with preserving mental acuity as they age. 

Choline is required for normal liver functioning 3-8

Pre-clinical evidence shows that a pregnant woman’s increased choline intake may aid in the cognitive development of her child11-14

Can help memory and cognitive functions in adults10

Lecithin and choline provide structural integrity of cell membranes2,9

Supports physical performance by replenishing acetylcholine during strenuous endurance exercise15


Research on Choline - References

  1. Zeisel SH, da Costa KA. Choline: an essential nutrient for public health. Nutr Rev 2009;67:615-23.

  2. Canty DJ, Zeisel SH. Lecithin and choline in human health and disease. Nutr Rev 1994;52:327-39.

  3. Buchman AL, Dubin M, Jenden D, et al. Lecithin increases plasma free choline and decreases hepatic steatosis in long-term total parenteral nutrition patients. Gastroenterology 1992;102:1363-70.

  4. Buchman AL, Dubin MD, Moukarzel AA, et al. Choline deficiency: a cause of hepatic steatosis during parenteral nutrition that can be reversed with intravenous choline supplementation. Hepatology 1995;22:1399-403.

  5. Chawla RK, Wolf DC, Kutner MH, Bonkovsky HL. Choline may be an essential nutrient in malnourished patients with cirrhosis. Gastroenterology 1989;97:1514-20.

  6. Sheard NF, Tayek JA, Bistrian BR, Blackburn GL, Zeisel SH. Plasma choline concentration in humans fed parenterally. Am J Clin Nutr 1986;43:219-24.

  7. Cooke RF, Silva Del Rio N, Caraviello DZ, Bertics SJ, Ramos MH, Grummer RR. Supplemental choline for prevention and alleviation of fatty liver in dairy cattle. J Dairy Sci 2007;90:2413-8.

  8. Spencer MD, Hamp TJ, Reid RW, Fischer LM, Zeisel SH, Fodor AA. Association between composition of the human gastrointestinal microbiome and development of fatty liver with choline deficiency.
    Gastroenterology 2011;140:976-86.

  9. Zeisel SH, Blusztajn JK. Choline and human nutrition. Annu Rev Nutr 1994;14:269-96.

  10. Zeisel SH. Choline: needed for normal development of memory. J Am Coll Nutr 2000;19:528S-31S.

  11. Zeisel SH. The fetal origins of memory: the role of dietary choline in optimal brain development. J Pediatr 2006;149:S131-6.

  12. Zeisel SH. Choline: critical role during fetal development and dietary requirements in adults. Annu Rev Nutr 2006;26:229-50.

  13. Shaw GM, Finnell RH, Blom HJ, et al. Choline and risk of neural tube defects in a folate-fortified population. Epidemiology 2009;20:714-9.

  14. Shaw GM, Carmichael SL, Yang W, Selvin S, Schaffer DM. Periconceptional dietary intake of choline and betaine and neural tube defects in offspring. Am J Epidemiol 2004;160:102-9.

  15. Penry JT, Manore MM. Choline: an important micronutrient for maximal endurance-exercise performance.
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2008;18:191-203.

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